The author of this site is James Ryan, Ph.D. Candidate in History at the University of Pennsylvania. The site is meant as a place to share writing, musings, documents, questions and other sidetracks from the normal course of writing a dissertation, this one is called “The Republic of Others: Opponents of Kemalism in Turkey’s Single Party Era, 1919-1950”. As such, most of what is featured will focus on Turkish history from the late Ottoman period to the recent past. It may also feature op-ed style reflections on current events, since any good historian should try and provide historical context to the world we currently live in. Most importantly, readers should understand most of what happens on this site is preliminary, open for debate, and is never the final word on an issue under discussion.